Is aviationweather.gov secure and safe to use? | Web Security Optimization (WSO) report by Idyllum Labs.

Website security scan results for aviationweather.gov

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At a glance

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Site scanned: aviationweather.gov
Date of scan: Aug. 8, 2022, 1:48 p.m.

Risk level: MEDIUM
SSL Status: [OK] SSL Encryption enforced

Total OWASP ZAP alerts: 396
Nmap open ports found: 2

Server

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IP: 92.123.124.17
Location: European Union
Web server: AkamaiGHost

Open ports for aviationweather.gov (Nmap scan)

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Port 80 (tcp) - http
Port 443 (tcp) - https

OWASP ZAP scan results

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Informative alerts

Low risk vulnerabilities

What does this mean?

No Anti-CSRF tokens were found in a HTML submission form.A cross-site request forgery is an attack that involves forcing a victim to send an HTTP request to a target destination without their knowledge or intent in order to perform an action as the victim. The underlying cause is application functionality using predictable URL/form actions in a repeatable way. The nature of the attack is that CSRF exploits the trust that a web site has for a user. By contrast, cross-site scripting (XSS) exploits the trust that a user has for a web site. Like XSS, CSRF attacks are not necessarily cross-site, but they can be. Cross-site request forgery is also known as CSRF, XSRF, one-click attack, session riding, confused deputy, and sea surf.CSRF attacks are effective in a number of situations, including: * The victim has an active session on the target site. * The victim is authenticated via HTTP auth on the target site. * The victim is on the same local network as the target site.CSRF has primarily been used to perform an action against a target site using the victim's privileges, but recent techniques have been discovered to disclose information by gaining access to the response. The risk of information disclosure is dramatically increased when the target site is vulnerable to XSS, because XSS can be used as a platform for CSRF, allowing the attack to operate within the bounds of the same-origin policy.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://aviationweather.gov/
  2. https://aviationweather.gov/radar/plot?region=dtw
  3. https://aviationweather.gov/satellite/plot?region=pir
  4. https://aviationweather.gov/info/faq/
  5. https://aviationweather.gov/taf/plot
  6. https://aviationweather.gov/windtemp/data?region=hawaii
  7. https://aviationweather.gov/windtemp/data?region=alaska
  8. https://aviationweather.gov/radar/plot?region=bwi
  9. https://aviationweather.gov/windtemp/data?region=dfw
  10. https://aviationweather.gov/airep/plot?region=NE&type=icing
  11. https://aviationweather.gov/windtemp/data?region=mia
  12. https://aviationweather.gov/progchart/high?region=b1
  13. https://aviationweather.gov/metar/plot?region=lit
  14. https://aviationweather.gov/cwamis/help
  15. https://aviationweather.gov/metar/plot?region=tpa
  16. https://aviationweather.gov/taf/plot?region=clt
  17. https://aviationweather.gov/metar/symbol
  18. https://aviationweather.gov/satellite/plot?region=carib
  19. https://aviationweather.gov/radar/plot?region=us
  20. https://aviationweather.gov/satellite/plot?region=den
How to solve this?

Phase: Architecture and DesignUse a vetted library or framework that does not allow this weakness to occur or provides constructs that make this weakness easier to avoid.For example, use anti-CSRF packages such as the OWASP CSRFGuard.Phase: ImplementationEnsure that your application is free of cross-site scripting issues, because most CSRF defenses can be bypassed using attacker-controlled script.Phase: Architecture and DesignGenerate a unique nonce for each form, place the nonce into the form, and verify the nonce upon receipt of the form. Be sure that the nonce is not predictable (CWE-330).Note that this can be bypassed using XSS.Identify especially dangerous operations. When the user performs a dangerous operation, send a separate confirmation request to ensure that the user intended to perform that operation.Note that this can be bypassed using XSS.Use the ESAPI Session Management control.This control includes a component for CSRF.Do not use the GET method for any request that triggers a state change.Phase: ImplementationCheck the HTTP Referer header to see if the request originated from an expected page. This could break legitimate functionality, because users or proxies may have disabled sending the Referer for privacy reasons.

What does this mean?

A cookie has been set without the HttpOnly flag, which means that the cookie can be accessed by JavaScript. If a malicious script can be run on this page then the cookie will be accessible and can be transmitted to another site. If this is a session cookie then session hijacking may be possible.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://aviationweather.gov/robots.txt
  2. https://aviationweather.gov/news
  3. https://aviationweather.gov/
How to solve this?

Ensure that the HttpOnly flag is set for all cookies.

What does this mean?

The Anti-MIME-Sniffing header X-Content-Type-Options was not set to 'nosniff'. This allows older versions of Internet Explorer and Chrome to perform MIME-sniffing on the response body, potentially causing the response body to be interpreted and displayed as a content type other than the declared content type. Current (early 2014) and legacy versions of Firefox will use the declared content type (if one is set), rather than performing MIME-sniffing.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://aviationweather.gov/lib/Leaflet-1.7/leaflet.js
  2. https://aviationweather.gov/images/cwa/MisLgnd.png
  3. https://aviationweather.gov/airep/plot?region=ak&type=turb
  4. https://aviationweather.gov/images/airep/PIREP-Other-Lgnd.png
  5. https://aviationweather.gov/images/progchart/npole.gif
  6. https://aviationweather.gov/airep/help?page=inter
  7. https://aviationweather.gov/windtemp/data?date
  8. https://aviationweather.gov/metar/plot?region=tpa
  9. https://aviationweather.gov/satellite/plot?region=den
  10. https://aviationweather.gov/radar/plot?region=us
  11. https://aviationweather.gov/images/favicon.ico
  12. https://aviationweather.gov/sigmet/help?page=inter
  13. https://aviationweather.gov/docs/wafs/wafs_vis_PDD.pdf
  14. https://aviationweather.gov/windtemp/data?region=dfw
  15. https://aviationweather.gov/radar/plot?region=abq
  16. https://aviationweather.gov/windtemp/data?region=mia
  17. https://aviationweather.gov/images/airep/Ice-Lgnd.png
  18. https://aviationweather.gov/areafcst/data
  19. https://aviationweather.gov/images/gairmet/Icing.png
  20. https://aviationweather.gov/airep/plot?region=NE&type=icing
How to solve this?

Ensure that the application/web server sets the Content-Type header appropriately, and that it sets the X-Content-Type-Options header to 'nosniff' for all web pages.If possible, ensure that the end user uses a standards-compliant and modern web browser that does not perform MIME-sniffing at all, or that can be directed by the web application/web server to not perform MIME-sniffing.

Medium risk vulnerabilities

High risk vulnerabilities

Manual inspection results

This site has not been manually inspected yet. Please apply for an inspection here

Find this WSO report online:

Environment info

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Technology

JQuery (3.5.1)
Apache

Other

Script (['text/javascript'])
X-UA-Compatible (['IE=8'])
Cookies (PHPSESSID)
DublinCore
Strict-Transport-Security (['max-age=63072000; includeSubdomains; preload, max-age=31536000; includeSubdomains; preload'])
X-Frame-Options (SAMEORIGIN)
Title (AWC - Aviation Weather Center)
[ 2 more ]
See hacks, ports, leaked data and possible attack routes for aviationweather.gov

Idyllum Labs is on a mission

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Is the code hosted at aviationweather.gov vulnerable to cybersecurity attacks? Are the used systems up to date and respecting the security standards of 2022?

We at Idyllum Labs wanted to find out! That is why we built this automated website security scanner and generated this report.

Please note

This is an automated and unbiased website vulnerability scan for the domain aviationweather.gov and has nothing to do with human subjectivity, thoughts, opinions, or relationships.

Our cloud-based infrastructure crawls the internet using a mixture of OWASP ZAP, Nmap, Whatweb, and other great software to detect website security issues. We display this data for educational purposes - to give security guidelines for anyone interested in building a safer web environment.

If you have comments, don't agree with the results, or want to submit a site for manual examination, don't hesitate to contact us.


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