Is thebiologicalview.at secure and safe to use? | Web Security Optimization (WSO) report by Idyllum Labs.

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# Website security scan results for thebiologicalview.at

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## At a glance

Site scanned: thebiologicalview.at
Risk level: MEDIUM
WSO score: 87 / 100
Ranks: worse than 67.2% of tested sites
Date of scan: Sept. 19, 2021, 4:17 a.m.
SSL Status: [OK] SSL Encryption enforced
Total alerts: 87

## Verdict

Average! This website can be considered safe. But there is room for easy improvement! Please forward this report to the web development team and we are sure they can find some ways to secure the site even more.

# Environment info

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## Server

IP: 185.101.158.242
Web server: nginx

## CMS

WordPress (5.8.1)

## Technology

nginx
PHP (7.4.23)
JQuery (3.6.0)

# 16 Open ports for thebiologicalview.at (Nmap scan)

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Port 21 (tcp) - ftp
Port 22 (tcp) - ssh
Port 25 (tcp) - smtp
Port 80 (tcp) - http
Port 106 (tcp) - pop3pw
Port 110 (tcp) - pop3
Port 143 (tcp) - imap
Port 443 (tcp) - https
Port 465 (tcp) - smtps
Port 587 (tcp) - submission
Port 666 (tcp) - doom
Port 993 (tcp) - imaps
Port 995 (tcp) - pop3s
Port 3306 (tcp) - mysql
Port 5666 (tcp) - nrpe
Port 8443 (tcp) - https-alt

# OWASP ZAP scan results

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## Informative alerts

[!!] FAILED Information Disclosure - Suspicious Comments
[+]
What does this mean?

The response appears to contain suspicious comments which may help an attacker. Note: Matches made within script blocks or files are against the entire content not only comments.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://atlasofgestures.thebiologicalview.at/
How to solve this?

Remove all comments that return information that may help an attacker and fix any underlying problems they refer to.

[!!] FAILED Charset Mismatch
[+]
What does this mean?

This check identifies responses where the HTTP Content-Type header declares a charset different from the charset defined by the body of the HTML or XML. When there's a charset mismatch between the HTTP header and content body Web browsers can be forced into an undesirable content-sniffing mode to determine the content's correct character set.An attacker could manipulate content on the page to be interpreted in an encoding of their choice. For example, if an attacker can control content at the beginning of the page, they could inject script using UTF-7 encoded text and manipulate some browsers into interpreting that text.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-json/oembed/1.0/embed?format=xml&url=https%3A%2F%2Fthebiologicalview.at%2F
How to solve this?

Force UTF-8 for all text content in both the HTTP header and meta tags in HTML or encoding declarations in XML.

[!!] FAILED Information Disclosure - Suspicious Comments
[+]
What does this mean?

The response appears to contain suspicious comments which may help an attacker. Note: Matches made within script blocks or files are against the entire content not only comments.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/auftrittskonzept/
  2. https://thebiologicalview.at/du-ich/
  3. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/corporate-behavior/
  4. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/storyboard/
  5. https://thebiologicalview.at/services/
  6. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/nachhaltigefotos/
  7. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/online-wirkungsvoll-auftreten/
  8. https://thebiologicalview.at/blog/
  9. https://thebiologicalview.at/newsletter/
  10. https://thebiologicalview.at/about/
  11. https://thebiologicalview.at/
How to solve this?

Remove all comments that return information that may help an attacker and fix any underlying problems they refer to.

[!!] FAILED WSDL File Detection
[+]
What does this mean?

A WSDL File has been detected.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-includes/wlwmanifest.xml
How to solve this?

Make your WSDL files visible only for technical issues (ex: testing purposes).

## Low risk vulnerabilities

[!!] FAILED Incomplete or No Cache-control and Pragma HTTP Header Set
[+]
What does this mean?

The cache-control and pragma HTTP header have not been set properly or are missing allowing the browser and proxies to cache content.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://atlasofgestures.thebiologicalview.at/
How to solve this?

Whenever possible ensure the cache-control HTTP header is set with no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate; and that the pragma HTTP header is set with no-cache.

[!!] FAILED X-Content-Type-Options Header Missing
[+]
What does this mean?

The Anti-MIME-Sniffing header X-Content-Type-Options was not set to 'nosniff'. This allows older versions of Internet Explorer and Chrome to perform MIME-sniffing on the response body, potentially causing the response body to be interpreted and displayed as a content type other than the declared content type. Current (early 2014) and legacy versions of Firefox will use the declared content type (if one is set), rather than performing MIME-sniffing.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://atlasofgestures.thebiologicalview.at/
How to solve this?

Ensure that the application/web server sets the Content-Type header appropriately, and that it sets the X-Content-Type-Options header to 'nosniff' for all web pages.If possible, ensure that the end user uses a standards-compliant and modern web browser that does not perform MIME-sniffing at all, or that can be directed by the web application/web server to not perform MIME-sniffing.

[!!] FAILED Server Leaks Information via "X-Powered-By" HTTP Response Header Field(s)
[+]
What does this mean?

The web/application server is leaking information via one or more 'X-Powered-By' HTTP response headers. Access to such information may facilitate attackers identifying other frameworks/components your web application is reliant upon and the vulnerabilities such components may be subject to.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://atlasofgestures.thebiologicalview.at/
How to solve this?

Ensure that your web server, application server, load balancer, etc. is configured to suppress 'X-Powered-By' headers.

[!!] FAILED Incomplete or No Cache-control and Pragma HTTP Header Set
[+]
What does this mean?

The cache-control and pragma HTTP header have not been set properly or are missing allowing the browser and proxies to cache content.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-content/themes/allegiant/style.css?ver=5.8.1
  2. https://thebiologicalview.at/
  3. https://thebiologicalview.at/sitemap_index.xml
  4. https://thebiologicalview.at/comments/feed/
  5. https://thebiologicalview.at/robots.txt
  6. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-content/plugins/official-mailerlite-sign-up-forms/assets/css/mailerlite_forms.css?ver=1.4.9
  7. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-json/oembed/1.0/embed?format=xml&url=https%3A%2F%2Fthebiologicalview.at%2F
  8. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-includes/css/dist/block-library/style.min.css?ver=5.8.1
  9. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-json/wp/v2/pages/3542
  10. https://thebiologicalview.at/services/
  11. https://thebiologicalview.at/blog/
  12. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/auftrittskonzept/
  13. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-json/oembed/1.0/embed?url=https%3A%2F%2Fthebiologicalview.at%2F
  14. https://thebiologicalview.at/du-ich/
  15. https://thebiologicalview.at/newsletter/
  16. https://thebiologicalview.at/xmlrpc.php?rsd
  17. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/online-wirkungsvoll-auftreten/
  18. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-content/plugins/cpo-companion/assets/css/fontawesome.css?ver=5.8.1
  19. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/nachhaltigefotos/
  20. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-content/themes/allegiant/core/css/base.css?ver=5.8.1
How to solve this?

Whenever possible ensure the cache-control HTTP header is set with no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate; and that the pragma HTTP header is set with no-cache.

[!!] FAILED Cross-Domain JavaScript Source File Inclusion
[+]
[!!] FAILED X-Content-Type-Options Header Missing
[+]
What does this mean?

The Anti-MIME-Sniffing header X-Content-Type-Options was not set to 'nosniff'. This allows older versions of Internet Explorer and Chrome to perform MIME-sniffing on the response body, potentially causing the response body to be interpreted and displayed as a content type other than the declared content type. Current (early 2014) and legacy versions of Firefox will use the declared content type (if one is set), rather than performing MIME-sniffing.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://thebiologicalview.at/newsletter/
  2. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Favicon.jpg
  3. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/online-wirkungsvoll-auftreten/
  4. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-includes/wlwmanifest.xml
  5. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-content/themes/allegiant/core/css/base.css?ver=5.8.1
  6. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-content/plugins/cpo-companion/assets/css/fontawesome.css?ver=5.8.1
  7. https://thebiologicalview.at/robots.txt
  8. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/corporate-behavior/
  9. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/auftrittskonzept/
  10. https://thebiologicalview.at/blog/
  11. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-content/plugins/official-mailerlite-sign-up-forms/assets/css/mailerlite_forms.css?ver=1.4.9
  12. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-includes/css/dist/block-library/style.min.css?ver=5.8.1
  13. https://thebiologicalview.at/comments/feed/
  14. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-content/themes/allegiant/style.css?ver=5.8.1
  15. https://thebiologicalview.at/services/
  16. https://thebiologicalview.at/feed/
  17. https://thebiologicalview.at/du-ich/
  18. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/storyboard/
  19. https://thebiologicalview.at/xmlrpc.php?rsd
  20. https://thebiologicalview.at/about/
How to solve this?

Ensure that the application/web server sets the Content-Type header appropriately, and that it sets the X-Content-Type-Options header to 'nosniff' for all web pages.If possible, ensure that the end user uses a standards-compliant and modern web browser that does not perform MIME-sniffing at all, or that can be directed by the web application/web server to not perform MIME-sniffing.

[!!] FAILED Server Leaks Information via "X-Powered-By" HTTP Response Header Field(s)
[+]
What does this mean?

The web/application server is leaking information via one or more 'X-Powered-By' HTTP response headers. Access to such information may facilitate attackers identifying other frameworks/components your web application is reliant upon and the vulnerabilities such components may be subject to.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://thebiologicalview.at/feed/
  2. https://thebiologicalview.at/robots.txt
  3. https://thebiologicalview.at/services/
  4. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-json/oembed/1.0/embed?url=https%3A%2F%2Fthebiologicalview.at%2F
  5. https://thebiologicalview.at/du-ich/
  6. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/auftrittskonzept/
  7. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-json/wp/v2/pages/3542
  8. https://thebiologicalview.at/newsletter/
  9. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/corporate-behavior/
  10. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-json/oembed/1.0/embed?format=xml&url=https%3A%2F%2Fthebiologicalview.at%2F
  11. https://thebiologicalview.at/index.php/impressum/
  12. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/unternehmensfotografie/
  13. https://thebiologicalview.at/comments/feed/
  14. https://thebiologicalview.at/about/
  15. https://thebiologicalview.at/xmlrpc.php?rsd
  16. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/storyboard/
  17. https://thebiologicalview.at/sitemap.xml
  18. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php
  19. https://thebiologicalview.at/wp-json/
  20. https://thebiologicalview.at/blog/
How to solve this?

Ensure that your web server, application server, load balancer, etc. is configured to suppress 'X-Powered-By' headers.

[!!] FAILED Absence of Anti-CSRF Tokens
[+]
What does this mean?

No Anti-CSRF tokens were found in a HTML submission form.A cross-site request forgery is an attack that involves forcing a victim to send an HTTP request to a target destination without their knowledge or intent in order to perform an action as the victim. The underlying cause is application functionality using predictable URL/form actions in a repeatable way. The nature of the attack is that CSRF exploits the trust that a web site has for a user. By contrast, cross-site scripting (XSS) exploits the trust that a user has for a web site. Like XSS, CSRF attacks are not necessarily cross-site, but they can be. Cross-site request forgery is also known as CSRF, XSRF, one-click attack, session riding, confused deputy, and sea surf.CSRF attacks are effective in a number of situations, including: * The victim has an active session on the target site. * The victim is authenticated via HTTP auth on the target site. * The victim is on the same local network as the target site.CSRF has primarily been used to perform an action against a target site using the victim's privileges, but recent techniques have been discovered to disclose information by gaining access to the response. The risk of information disclosure is dramatically increased when the target site is vulnerable to XSS, because XSS can be used as a platform for CSRF, allowing the attack to operate within the bounds of the same-origin policy.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://thebiologicalview.at/blog/
How to solve this?

Phase: Architecture and DesignUse a vetted library or framework that does not allow this weakness to occur or provides constructs that make this weakness easier to avoid.For example, use anti-CSRF packages such as the OWASP CSRFGuard.Phase: ImplementationEnsure that your application is free of cross-site scripting issues, because most CSRF defenses can be bypassed using attacker-controlled script.Phase: Architecture and DesignGenerate a unique nonce for each form, place the nonce into the form, and verify the nonce upon receipt of the form. Be sure that the nonce is not predictable (CWE-330).Note that this can be bypassed using XSS.Identify especially dangerous operations. When the user performs a dangerous operation, send a separate confirmation request to ensure that the user intended to perform that operation.Note that this can be bypassed using XSS.Use the ESAPI Session Management control.This control includes a component for CSRF.Do not use the GET method for any request that triggers a state change.Phase: ImplementationCheck the HTTP Referer header to see if the request originated from an expected page. This could break legitimate functionality, because users or proxies may have disabled sending the Referer for privacy reasons.

## Medium risk vulnerabilities

[!!] FAILED X-Frame-Options Header Not Set
[+]
What does this mean?

X-Frame-Options header is not included in the HTTP response to protect against 'ClickJacking' attacks.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://atlasofgestures.thebiologicalview.at/
How to solve this?

Most modern Web browsers support the X-Frame-Options HTTP header. Ensure it's set on all web pages returned by your site (if you expect the page to be framed only by pages on your server (e.g. it's part of a FRAMESET) then you'll want to use SAMEORIGIN, otherwise if you never expect the page to be framed, you should use DENY. ALLOW-FROM allows specific websites to frame the web page in supported web browsers).

[!!] FAILED X-Frame-Options Header Not Set
[+]
What does this mean?

X-Frame-Options header is not included in the HTTP response to protect against 'ClickJacking' attacks.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://thebiologicalview.at/
  2. https://thebiologicalview.at/du-ich/
  3. https://thebiologicalview.at/about/
  4. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/storyboard/
  5. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/nachhaltigefotos/
  6. https://thebiologicalview.at/newsletter/
  7. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/online-wirkungsvoll-auftreten/
  8. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/auftrittskonzept/
  9. https://thebiologicalview.at/blog/
  10. https://thebiologicalview.at/service/corporate-behavior/
  11. https://thebiologicalview.at/services/
How to solve this?

Most modern Web browsers support the X-Frame-Options HTTP header. Ensure it's set on all web pages returned by your site (if you expect the page to be framed only by pages on your server (e.g. it's part of a FRAMESET) then you'll want to use SAMEORIGIN, otherwise if you never expect the page to be framed, you should use DENY. ALLOW-FROM allows specific websites to frame the web page in supported web browsers).

Manual inspection results

This site has not been manually inspected yet. Please apply for an inspection here

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# Idyllum Labs is on a mission

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Is the code hosted at thebiologicalview.at vulnerable to cybersecurity attacks? Are the used systems up to date and respecting the security standards of 2021?

We at Idyllum Labs wanted to find out! That is why we built this automated website security scanner and generated this report.

# Please note

This is an automated and unbiased website vulnerability scan for the domain thebiologicalview.at and has nothing to do with human subjectivity, thoughts, opinions, or relationships.

Our cloud-based infrastructure crawls the internet using a mixture of OWASP ZAP, Nmap, Whatweb, and other great software to detect website security issues. We display this data for educational purposes - to give security guidelines for anyone interested in building a safer web environment.

It is important to understand that we don't gather business information. We analyze used technology and are not interested in

If you have comments, don't agree with the results, or want to submit a site for manual examination, don't hesitate to contact us.


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