Is www.zovio.com secure and safe to use? | Web Security Optimization (WSO) report by Idyllum Labs.

Website security scan results for www.zovio.com

Safe mode. Please [ log in ] to see the full report!

At a glance

------------------
Site scanned: www.zovio.com
Date of scan: Aug. 6, 2022, 4:36 p.m.

Risk level: MEDIUM
SSL Status: [OK] SSL Encryption enforced

Total OWASP ZAP alerts: 61
Nmap open ports found: 4

Server

------------------
IP: 104.18.114.55
Location: United States
Web server: cloudflare

Open ports for www.zovio.com (Nmap scan)

------------------
Port 80 (tcp) - http
Port 443 (tcp) - https
Port 8080 (tcp) - http-proxy
[ 1 more ]

OWASP ZAP scan results

------------------

Informative alerts

What does this mean?

The Content-Type header was either missing or empty.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://www.zovio.com/web.config
How to solve this?

Ensure each page is setting the specific and appropriate content-type value for the content being delivered.

What does this mean?

A timestamp was disclosed by the application/web server - Unix

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-schedules-fourth-quarter-2016-earnings-conference-call-march-7-2017
  2. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-reports-second-quarter-2012-results
  3. https://www.zovio.com/media-coverage
  4. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-educations-ashford-university-offers-new-associate-arts-degree-military-studies
  5. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-employees-raise-more-25000-haiti-earthquake-survivors
  6. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-supports-us-servicemembers-camp-pendleton-mud-run
  7. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-golden-ticket-benefit-rady-childrens-hospital-and-union-tribunes-kids-newsday
  8. https://www.zovio.com/press-releases
  9. https://www.zovio.com/covid-19educationsupport
  10. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-educations-university-rockies-offer-doctor-philosophy-and-master-arts-organizational-development-and-leadership
  11. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-raises-more-241000-during-united-way-campaign
  12. https://www.zovio.com/what-we-think/future-of-ed-tech
  13. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-golf-invitational-raises-more-40000-rady-childrens-hospital
  14. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-golf-invitational-will-raise-funds-rady-childrens-hospital
  15. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-present-credit-suisse-14th-annual-global-services-conference-march-13-2012
  16. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/umang-jain-named-chief-technology-officer-bridgepoint-education
  17. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-receives-communitas-award-community-service
  18. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-educations-ashford-university-announces-new-online-long-term-care-specializations
  19. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/vickie-schray-promoted-executive-vice-president-regulatory-affairs-and-public-policy-bridgepoint-education
  20. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-educations-ashford-university-forms-articulation-agreement-californias-yuba-community-college-district
How to solve this?

Manually confirm that the timestamp data is not sensitive, and that the data cannot be aggregated to disclose exploitable patterns.

Low risk vulnerabilities

What does this mean?

No Anti-CSRF tokens were found in a HTML submission form.A cross-site request forgery is an attack that involves forcing a victim to send an HTTP request to a target destination without their knowledge or intent in order to perform an action as the victim. The underlying cause is application functionality using predictable URL/form actions in a repeatable way. The nature of the attack is that CSRF exploits the trust that a web site has for a user. By contrast, cross-site scripting (XSS) exploits the trust that a user has for a web site. Like XSS, CSRF attacks are not necessarily cross-site, but they can be. Cross-site request forgery is also known as CSRF, XSRF, one-click attack, session riding, confused deputy, and sea surf.CSRF attacks are effective in a number of situations, including: * The victim has an active session on the target site. * The victim is authenticated via HTTP auth on the target site. * The victim is on the same local network as the target site.CSRF has primarily been used to perform an action against a target site using the victim's privileges, but recent techniques have been discovered to disclose information by gaining access to the response. The risk of information disclosure is dramatically increased when the target site is vulnerable to XSS, because XSS can be used as a platform for CSRF, allowing the attack to operate within the bounds of the same-origin policy.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://www.zovio.com/how-we-work/technology
  2. https://www.zovio.com/what-we-think/part-four-of-celebrating-challengers-researchers-leaders-and-learners-within-the-black-community-mary-jane-patterson
  3. https://www.zovio.com/what-we-think/part-two-celebrating-black-history-dr-edmund-gordon-the-researcher
  4. https://www.zovio.com/what-we-think/quality-online-education-begins-with-solid-course-design
  5. https://www.zovio.com/our-story/meet-the-team
  6. https://www.zovio.com/what-we-think/career-development-there-is-nothing-more-personalized-than-working-with-a-mentor
  7. https://www.zovio.com/
  8. https://www.zovio.com/who-we-serve/learners
  9. https://www.zovio.com/get-in-touch/
  10. https://www.zovio.com/mock-landing-page-conference
  11. https://www.zovio.com/cookie-policy
  12. https://www.zovio.com/node/4431
  13. https://www.zovio.com/zovio-educate-learn-more
  14. https://www.zovio.com/zovio-educate-learn-more
  15. https://www.zovio.com/what-we-think/the-cyber-talent-shortage-is-a-national-emergency-heres-how-we-can-fix-it
  16. https://www.zovio.com/our-story
  17. https://www.zovio.com/press-releases
  18. https://www.zovio.com/who-we-serve/higher-education/retention
  19. https://www.zovio.com/who-we-serve
  20. https://www.zovio.com/media-coverage
How to solve this?

Phase: Architecture and DesignUse a vetted library or framework that does not allow this weakness to occur or provides constructs that make this weakness easier to avoid.For example, use anti-CSRF packages such as the OWASP CSRFGuard.Phase: ImplementationEnsure that your application is free of cross-site scripting issues, because most CSRF defenses can be bypassed using attacker-controlled script.Phase: Architecture and DesignGenerate a unique nonce for each form, place the nonce into the form, and verify the nonce upon receipt of the form. Be sure that the nonce is not predictable (CWE-330).Note that this can be bypassed using XSS.Identify especially dangerous operations. When the user performs a dangerous operation, send a separate confirmation request to ensure that the user intended to perform that operation.Note that this can be bypassed using XSS.Use the ESAPI Session Management control.This control includes a component for CSRF.Do not use the GET method for any request that triggers a state change.Phase: ImplementationCheck the HTTP Referer header to see if the request originated from an expected page. This could break legitimate functionality, because users or proxies may have disabled sending the Referer for privacy reasons.

What does this mean?

A cookie has been set with an invalid SameSite attribute value, which means that the cookie can be sent as a result of a 'cross-site' request. The SameSite attribute is an effective counter measure to cross-site request forgery, cross-site script inclusion, and timing attacks.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://ir.zovio.com/
How to solve this?

Ensure that the SameSite attribute is set to either 'lax' or ideally 'strict' for all cookies.

What does this mean?

The page includes one or more script files from a third-party domain.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-employees-raise-more-25000-haiti-earthquake-survivors
  2. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-delivers-androidtm-ready-ashford-mobile-and-rockies-mobile-apps-students-and-faculty
  3. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-golf-invitational-will-raise-funds-rady-childrens-hospital
  4. https://www.zovio.com/profiles/*.js$
  5. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/ashford-university-updates-assessment-website-and-provides-greater-level-transparency
  6. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-reports-second-quarter-2012-results
  7. https://www.zovio.com/profiles/*.svg
  8. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-schedules-third-quarter-2012-earnings-conference-call-november-5-2012-will-present-jp-morgan-ultimate-services-investor-conference-november-14-2012-new-york-city
  9. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-inc-announces-secondary-common-stock-offering-selling-stockholder
  10. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-announces-appointment-douglas-abts-senior-vice-president-strategy-and-corporate-development
  11. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-inc-announces-secondary-offering-7562890-shares-common-stock-selling-stockholder-and-repurchase-shares
  12. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-educations-corporate-responsibility-program-turns-10
  13. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-chief-executive-officer-andrew-clark-featured-national-news-program
  14. https://www.zovio.com/what-we-think/celebrating-challengers-researchers-leaders-and-learners-within-the-black-community
  15. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-schedules-third-quarter-2017-earnings-conference-call-october-25-2017
  16. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-educations-ashford-university-introduces-bachelor-arts-degree-law-enforcement-administration
  17. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-hits-greens-support-rady-childrens-hospital
  18. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-unveils-new-thuze-learning-platform-ces-2012
  19. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/ashford-university-receives-notification-hlc
  20. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-updates-transparency-website-point-point-response-help-committee-hearing
How to solve this?

Ensure JavaScript source files are loaded from only trusted sources, and the sources can't be controlled by end users of the application.

What does this mean?

The cache-control and pragma HTTP header have not been set properly or are missing allowing the browser and proxies to cache content.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://www.zovio.com/sitemap.xml
  2. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/vickie-schray-joins-bridgepoint-education-vice-president-regulatory-affairs
  3. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/second-annual-over-edge-kit-fundraiser-sponsored-bridgepoint-education
  4. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/ashford-university-run-parallel-process-appeal-and-re-application-wasc-accreditation
  5. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/economic-impact-analysis-highlights-bridgepoint-educations-contribution-san-diego-region
  6. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-co-founder-dr-wayne-clugston-speak-ashford-university-graduation
  7. https://www.zovio.com/zovio-educate-learn-more
  8. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/ashford-university-announces-new-initiatives-boost-student-support-and-success-reorganizes-staff-san-diego-and-denver
  9. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-holiday-bowl-events-begin
  10. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-employees-become-teachers-day
  11. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-and-ashford-university-employees-help-fight-hunger-san-diego
  12. https://www.zovio.com/our-story/zovio-volunteers
  13. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-reports-second-quarter-2010-results
  14. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-educations-university-rockies-appoints-interim-president
  15. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-donates-computer-equipment-valverde-elementary-school
  16. https://www.zovio.com/who-we-serve/higher-education/enrollment
  17. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-sponsors-finish-chelseas-run
  18. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-inc-announces-pricing-secondary-offering-7562890-shares-common-stock-selling-stockholder-and-repurchase-shares
  19. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-reports-full-year-and-fourth-quarter-2011-results
  20. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-recognized-one-denvers-healthiest-companies
How to solve this?

Whenever possible ensure the cache-control HTTP header is set with no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate; and that the pragma HTTP header is set with no-cache.

What does this mean?

The page includes mixed content, that is content accessed via HTTP instead of HTTPS.

Where exactly is this vulnerability found?
  1. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-schedules-first-quarter-2016-earnings-conference-call-may-3-2016
  2. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-schedules-first-quarter-2015-earnings-conference-call-may-5-2015
  3. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-educations-ashford-university-announces-one-year-teach-out-plan-clinton-iowa-campus
  4. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-schedules-fourth-quarter-2014-earnings-conference-call-march-10-2015
  5. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-and-ashford-university-volunteer-feeding-san-diego
  6. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-reports-second-quarter-2016-results
  7. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/higher-learning-commission-continues-university-rockies-accreditation
  8. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-reports-second-quarter-2015-results
  9. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-schedules-second-quarter-2015-earnings-conference-call-august-4-2015
  10. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-schedules-third-quarter-2014-earnings-conference-call-november-5-2014
  11. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-schedules-third-quarter-2015-earnings-conference-call-november-5-2015
  12. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/chris-henn-named-bridgepoint-educations-chief-operating-officer
  13. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-schedules-third-quarter-2016-earnings-conference-call-november-8-2016
  14. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-reports-third-quarter-2016-results
  15. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/kevin-royal-named-bridgepoint-educations-chief-financial-officer
  16. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-reports-first-quarter-2015-results
  17. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-reports-third-quarter-2014-results
  18. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-reports-fourth-quarter-and-full-year-2015-results
  19. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/bridgepoint-education-reports-third-quarter-2015-results
  20. https://www.zovio.com/media-room/victor-k-nichols-elected-bridgepoint-educations-board-directors
How to solve this?

A page that is available over SSL/TLS must be comprised completely of content which is transmitted over SSL/TLS.The page must not contain any content that is transmitted over unencrypted HTTP. This includes content from third party sites.

Medium risk vulnerabilities

High risk vulnerabilities

Manual inspection results

This site has not been manually inspected yet. Please apply for an inspection here

Find this WSO report online:

Environment info

------------------

CMS

Drupal

Technology

JQuery

Other

Open-Graph-Protocol (Home Page)
Script (['text/javascript'])
Via-Proxy (['varnish'])
MetaGenerator (['Drupal 9 (https://www.drupal.org)'])
HTML5
Content-Language (en)
Frame
[ 6 more ]
See hacks, ports, leaked data and possible attack routes for www.zovio.com

Idyllum Labs is on a mission

------------------

Is the code hosted at www.zovio.com vulnerable to cybersecurity attacks? Are the used systems up to date and respecting the security standards of 2022?

We at Idyllum Labs wanted to find out! That is why we built this automated website security scanner and generated this report.

Please note

This is an automated and unbiased website vulnerability scan for the domain www.zovio.com and has nothing to do with human subjectivity, thoughts, opinions, or relationships.

Our cloud-based infrastructure crawls the internet using a mixture of OWASP ZAP, Nmap, Whatweb, and other great software to detect website security issues. We display this data for educational purposes - to give security guidelines for anyone interested in building a safer web environment.

If you have comments, don't agree with the results, or want to submit a site for manual examination, don't hesitate to contact us.


Run a free OWASP ZAP scan for any website at Idyllum.com!

What next?

------------------

Dig deeper

  1. Log in or create a free account to gain access to this report in its entirety.
  2. Use our dashboard to automate security testing and set up automatic monitoring for your website portfolio.
  3. Scan a new domain or initiate a rescan for this domain.

Join our ranks

  1. Use these insights to build your systems bullet-proof.
  2. Explore our datasets and compare your results.
  3. Drop us a line! Help us expand our code or cloud or just say hi!
  4. Support the cause - your donation helps to keep this service free and unbiased.